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GNC Taurine 500 MG

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50 Vegetarian Caplets

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Description
Supports muscle function*
Supplement Facts

As a dietary supplement, take one or two caplets daily with a meal. For maximum support, take as directed every day.

Serving Size 1 Caplet
Servings Per Container 50
Amount Per Serving % DV
Taurine 500.00 mg **
** Daily Value (DV) not established

Other Ingredients: Cellulose, Dicalcium Phosphate

Warning: KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN

Distributed by: General Nutrition Corporation Pittsburgh, PA 15222

Health Notes

Taurine

Taurine
This nutrient has been used in connection with the following health goals
  • Reliable and relatively consistent scientific data showing a substantial health benefit.
  • Contradictory, insufficient, or preliminary studies suggesting a health benefit or minimal health benefit.
  • For an herb, supported by traditional use but minimal or no scientific evidence. For a supplement, little scientific support.

Our proprietary "Star-Rating" system was developed to help you easily understand the amount of scientific support behind each supplement in relation to a specific health condition. While there is no way to predict whether a vitamin, mineral, or herb will successfully treat or prevent associated health conditions, our unique ratings tell you how well these supplements are understood by the medical community, and whether studies have found them to be effective for other people.

For over a decade, our team has combed through thousands of research articles published in reputable journals. To help you make educated decisions, and to better understand controversial or confusing supplements, our medical experts have digested the science into these three easy-to-follow ratings. We hope this provides you with a helpful resource to make informed decisions towards your health and well-being.

This supplement has been used in connection with the following health conditions:

Congestive Heart Failure
Dose: 2 grams three times per day with a doctor's supervision
Taurine, an amino acid, helps increase the force and effectiveness of heart muscle contractions.(more)
Hypertension
Dose: Refer to label instructions
Research has found that supplementing with taurine lowers blood pressure in people, possibly by reducing levels of the hormone epinephrine (adrenaline).(more)
Cardiomyopathy
Dose: Refer to label instructions
Taurine has been shown in preliminary studies to be beneficial for cardiomyopathy.(more)
Pre- and Post-Surgery Health
Dose: Take at least 1.5 grams daily before and after surgery
Taurine is an amino acid that appears to have an important role in immune cell functions. Supplementing with it may reduce inflammation.(more)
Type 2 Diabetes
Dose: Refer to label instructions
Supplementing with taurine may affect insulin secretion and action, and may help protect the eyes and nerves from diabetic complications.(more)
Type 1 Diabetes
Dose: Refer to label instructions
People with type 1 diabetes tend to have low taurine levels, a condition that increases the risk of heart disease. Supplementing with taurine may restore levels.(more)
Iron-Deficiency Anemia
Dose: 1,000 mg daily
Taurine has been shown to improve the response to iron therapy in young women with iron-deficiency anemia.(more)
Iron-Deficiency Anemia
Dose: 1,000 mg daily
Taurine has been shown to improve the response to iron therapy in young women with iron-deficiency anemia.(more)
Congestive Heart Failure
Dose: 2 grams three times per day with a doctor's supervision

Taurine, an amino acid, helps increase the force and effectiveness of heart-muscle contractions. Research (some double-blind) has shown that taurine helps people with CHF.1, 2, 3, 4 Most doctors suggest taking 2 grams three times per day.

References

1. Azuma J, Sawamura A, Awata N, et al. Double-blind randomized crossover trial of taurine in congestive heart failure. Curr Ther Res 1983;34(4):543-57.

2. Azuma J, Hasegawa H, Sawamura N, et al. Taurine for treatment of congestive heart failure. Int J Cardiol 1982;2:303-4.

3. Azuma J, Hasegawa H, Sawamura A, et al. Therapy of congestive heart failure with orally administered taurine. Clin Ther 1983;5(4):398-408.

4. Azuma J, Takihara K, Awata N, et al. Taurine and failing heart: experimental and clinical aspects. Prog Clin Biol Res 1985;179:195-213.

Hypertension
Dose: Refer to label instructions

A deficiency of the amino acid taurine, is thought by some researchers to play an important role in elevating blood pressure in people with hypertension.1 Limited research has found that supplementation with taurine lowers blood pressure in animals2 and in people (at 6 grams per day),3 possibly by reducing levels of the hormone epinephrine (adrenaline).

References

1. Kohashi N, Katori R. Decrease of urinary taurine in essential hypertension. Jpn Heart J 1983;24:91-102.

2. Abe M, Shibata K, Matsuda T, Furukawa T. Inhibition of hypertension and salt intake by oral taurine treatment in hypertensive rats. Hypertension 1987;10:383-9.

3. Fujita T, Ando K, Noda H, et al. Effects of increased adrenomedullary activity and taurine in young patients with borderline hypertension. Circulation 1987;75:525-32.

Cardiomyopathy
Dose: Refer to label instructions

Several veterinary studies have demonstrated benefits from supplementation with taurine, another amino acid, in animals with cardiomyopathy. Most of these studies showed taurine deficiency to be a cause of cardiomyopathy. Taurine supplementation in animals with DCM has resulted in improvement of symptoms and survival rates.1, 2 However, clinical studies in humans are lacking; thus, despite a good safety record, the benefits of taurine supplementation in people with any form of cardiomyopathy remain speculative. When taurine supplements are used by doctors to treat people with other conditions, 2 grams taken three times per day for a total of 6 grams per day is often recommended.

References

1. Kittleson MD, Keene B, Pion PD, Loyer CG. Results of the multicenter spaniel trial (MUST): taurine- and carnitine-responsive dilated cardiomyopathy in American cocker spaniels with decreased plasma taurine concentration. J Vet Intern Med 1997;11:204-11.

2. Pion PD, Kittleson MD, Thomas WP, et al. Response of cats with dilated cardiomyopathy to taurine supplementation. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1992;201:275-84.

Pre- and Post-Surgery Health
Dose: Take at least 1.5 grams daily before and after surgery

Taurine is an amino acid abundantly present in the body that also appears to have an important role in immune cell functions.1 A preliminary trial found that patients receiving an oral formula enriched with taurine (1 gram per liter) beginning two days before surgery and continuing until five days after surgery had less inflammation after surgery compared with those receiving a standard formula.2

References

1. Redmond HP, Stapleton PP, Neary P, Bouchier-Hayes D. Immunonutrition: the role of taurine. Nutrition 1998;14:599-604 [review].

2. O'Flaherty L, Bouchier-Hayes DJ. Immunonutrition and surgical practice. Proc Nutr Soc 1999;58:831-7 [review].

Type 2 Diabetes
Dose: Refer to label instructionsAnimal studies have shown that supplementing with taurine, an amino acid found in protein-rich food, may affect insulin secretion and action, and may have potential in protecting the eyes and nerves from diabetic complications.1 However, a double-blind trial found no effect on insulin secretion or sensitivity when men with high risk for developing diabetes were given 1.5 grams per day of taurine for eight weeks.2 In another double-blind trial, taurine supplementation (2 grams per day for 12 months) failed to improve kidney complications associated with type 2 diabetes.3
References

1. Franconi F, Di Leo MA, Bennardini F, Ghirlanda G. Is taurine beneficial in reducing risk factors for diabetes mellitus? Neurochem Res 2004;29:143-50 [review].

2. Brons C, Spohr C, Storgaard H, et al. Effect of taurine treatment on insulin secretion and action, and on serum lipid levels in overweight men with a genetic predisposition for type II diabetes mellitus. Eur J Clin Nutr 2004;58:1239-47.

3. Nakamura T, Ushiyama C, Suzuki S, et al. Effects of taurine and vitamin E on microalbuminuria, plasma metalloproteinase-9, and serum type IV collagen concentrations in patients with diabetic nephropathy. Nephron 1999;83:361-2.

Type 1 Diabetes
Dose: Refer to label instructionsTaurine is an amino acid found in protein-rich food. People with type 1 diabetes have been reported to have low blood taurine levels, a condition that increases the risk of heart disease by altering blood viscosity. Supplementing with taurine (1.5 grams per day) has restored blood taurine to normal levels and corrected the problem of blood viscosity within three months.1
References

1. Franconi F, Bennardini F, Mattana A, et al. Plasma and platelet taurine are reduced in subjects with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: effects of taurine supplementation. Am J Clin Nutr 1995;61:1115-9.

Iron-Deficiency Anemia
Dose: 1,000 mg daily

Taurine has been shown, in a double-blind study, to improve the response to iron therapy in young women with iron-deficiency anemia.1 The amount of taurine used was 1,000 mg per day for 20 weeks, given in addition to iron therapy, but at a different time of the day. The mechanism by which taurine improves iron utilization is not known.

References

1. Sirdah MM, El-Agouza IMA, Abu Shahla ANK. Possible ameliorative effect of taurine in the treatment of iron-deficiency anaemia in female university students of Gaza, Palestine. Eur J Haematol 2002;69:236-2.

Iron-Deficiency Anemia
Dose: 1,000 mg daily

Taurine has been shown, in a double-blind study, to improve the response to iron therapy in young women with iron-deficiency anemia.1 The amount of taurine used was 1,000 mg per day for 20 weeks, given in addition to iron therapy, but at a different time of the day. The mechanism by which taurine improves iron utilization is not known.

References

1. Sirdah MM, El-Agouza IMA, Abu Shahla ANK. Possible ameliorative effect of taurine in the treatment of iron-deficiency anaemia in female university students of Gaza, Palestine. Eur J Haematol 2002;69:236-2.

Taurine is an amino acid-like compound and a component of bile acids, which are used to help absorb fats and fat-soluble vitamins. Taurine also helps regulate the heart beat, maintain cell membrane stability, and prevent brain cell over-activity.

Copyright 2014 Aisle7. All rights reserved. Aisle7.com

The information presented in Aisle7 is for informational purposes only. It is based on scientific studies (human, animal, or in vitro), clinical experience, or traditional usage as cited in each article. The results reported may not necessarily occur in all individuals. For many of the conditions discussed, treatment with prescription or over the counter medication is also available. Consult your doctor, practitioner, and/or pharmacist for any health problem and before using any supplements or before making any changes in prescribed medications. Information expires June 2015.

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