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Optimum Nutrition Gold Standard Pre-Workout™ - Green Apple - Exclusive 20% More Free Bonus Size

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360 g

Item #352385 See Product Details

Price: $47.99

Sale Price: $34.99

Member Price: $32.99 Become a Member

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Description
Energy + Focus + Endurance

20% BONUS SIZE

175MG Caffeine from Natural Sources - 1.5G Beta-Alanine - 3G Creatine Monohydrate

BANNED SUBSTANCE FREE

* These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.

Supplement Facts

Mix each scoop with 6-8 oz of water and consume 20-30 minutes before training. Start with 1 scoop or less to assess your tolerance. DO NOT EXCEED 2 SCOOPS PER DAY.

Serving Size 1 scoop
Servings Per Container 36
Amount Per Serving % DV
Calories 5.00
Total Carbohydrate 1.00 g 0%
Thiamin (as thiamin HCl) 2.00 mg 133%
Niacin (as Nicotinic Acid) 20.00 mg 100%
Vitamin B6 (as pyridoxine HCl) 2.00 mg 100%
Pantothenic acid (as D-Calcium Pantothenate) 10.00 mg 100%
Folic Acid 200.00 mcg 50%
Vitamin B-12 (as Cyanocobalamin) 10.00 mcg 167%
Vitamin D (as cholecalciferol) 500.00 IU 125%
Muscle Matrix 0.00 **
Creatine Monohydrate (as Creapure®) 3.00 g **
AstraGin™ Proprietary Blend [Astragalaus membranaceus Extract (root) & Panax notoginseng Extract (root)] 25.00 mg **
Perfomance Composite 0.00 **
L-Citrulline Malate 1.50 g **
Beta-Alanine (as CarnoSyn®) 1.50 g **
Energy & Focus Complex 0.00 **
Acetyl L-Carnitine HCl 375.00 mg **
N-Acetyl-L-Tyrosine 250.00 mg **
Caffeine 175.00 mg **
Citrus Bioflavonoids 100.00 mg **
** Daily Value (DV) not established

Other Ingredients: Natural and Artificial Flavors, Citric Acid, Malic Acid, Silicon Dioxide, Calcium Silicate, Caffeine (from Tea and/or Coffee Bean), Gum Blend (Cellulose Gum, Xantham Gum, Cararageenan), Sucralose, Tartaric Acid, Acesulfame Potassium, FD&C Yellow #5, FD&C Blue #2

Warning: Consult your physician before using this product if you are taking medications or are under a physician's care for a medical condition. Not for use by those under the age of 18, women that are pregnant, trying to become pregnant, or nursing, or those that are sensitive to caffeine, niacin or beta-alanine. Do not consume caffeine from other sources while taking this product as too much caffeine may cause nervousness, irritability, sleeplessness, and occasionally rapid heartbeat. Beta-alanine and niacin may cause a harmless, temporary tingling or flushing sensation. KEEP OUT OF REACH OF CHILDREN. Do not combine with alcohol. Consume as part of a healthy diet and exercise program, and drink at least 100 oz of water per day. Exercise may increase your need for fluid intake. Store in a cool, dry place. Contents sold by weight not volume. CONTAINS 175 MG OF CAFFEINE PER SCOOP.

CarnoSyn® trademark and patents owned by Natural Alternatives International, Inc.
Creapure® is a registered trademark of AlzChem Trostberg GmbH
AstraGIN® is a registered trademark of Nuliv Science USA, Inc.

Health Notes

Nitric Oxide

Nitric Oxide
This nutrient has been used in connection with the following health goals
  • Reliable and relatively consistent scientific data showing a substantial health benefit.
  • Contradictory, insufficient, or preliminary studies suggesting a health benefit or minimal health benefit.
  • For an herb, supported by traditional use but minimal or no scientific evidence. For a supplement, little scientific support.

Our proprietary "Star-Rating" system was developed to help you easily understand the amount of scientific support behind each supplement in relation to a specific health condition. While there is no way to predict whether a vitamin, mineral, or herb will successfully treat or prevent associated health conditions, our unique ratings tell you how well these supplements are understood by the medical community, and whether studies have found them to be effective for other people.

For over a decade, our team has combed through thousands of research articles published in reputable journals. To help you make educated decisions, and to better understand controversial or confusing supplements, our medical experts have digested the science into these three easy-to-follow ratings. We hope this provides you with a helpful resource to make informed decisions towards your health and well-being.

This supplement has been used in connection with the following health conditions:

Athletic Performance
Dose: 4 gram three times per day
It has been speculated that AAKG may increase production of nitric oxide, a substance known to enhance blood flow. In one study, AAKG improved measures of strength and short-term power performance in weight lifters.(more)
Athletic Performance
Dose: 4 gram three times per dayAAKG (arginine alpha-ketoglutarate) is a compound made from the amino acid L-arginine and alpha-ketoglutarate (AKG) a substance formed in the body's energy-generating process. It has been speculated that AAKG may increase production in muscles of nitric oxide, a substance known to have blood-flow-enhancing effects. A double-blind study gave trained weight lifters either 4 grams of AAKG or a placebo three times a day during an eight-week weight-training regimen. AAKG had no effect on body composition but did improve measures of strength and short-term power performance.1
References

1. Campbell B, Baer J, Roberts M, et al. Effects of arginine alpha-ketoglutarate supplementation on body composition and training adaptations. Sports Nutrition Review Journal 2004:1(1):S10 [abstract].

Nitric oxide is the popular name for AAKG (arginine alpha-ketoglutarate), a compound made from the amino acid L-arginine and alpha-ketoglutarate, a substance formed in the body's energy-generating process. AAKG is a popular supplement among bodybuilders and other athletes because of claims that it increases production of nitric oxide in muscles. Nitric oxide is known to have blood-flow-enhancing effects,1 which could in theory increase the delivery of oxygen and nutrients to exercising muscle. While L-arginine by itself is known to increase nitric oxide production, no research has been done to show that AAKG does the same. However, double-blind trials of AAKG suggest it improves some measures of strength and power resulting from weight training.2, 3

Copyright 2015 Aisle7. All rights reserved. Aisle7.com

The information presented in Aisle7 is for informational purposes only. It is based on scientific studies (human, animal, or in vitro), clinical experience, or traditional usage as cited in each article. The results reported may not necessarily occur in all individuals. For many of the conditions discussed, treatment with prescription or over the counter medication is also available. Consult your doctor, practitioner, and/or pharmacist for any health problem and before using any supplements or before making any changes in prescribed medications. Information expires June 2016.

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